Factors influencing the transition from pediatric to adult care: A scoping review of the literature to conceptualize a relevant education program


To give a comprehensive overview of the factors that influence the transition from pediatric services to adult care, and to conceptualize a relevant education program.

An evaluation grid was used to analyze the literature and classify factors depending on whether they were related to the patients, to the health care organization, to health care personnel, to the interaction between medical staff and patient, or to the illness and its treatment.

We based our analysis on a selection of 20 publications. The following factors were identified and classified in an integrative framework: self-management skills, trust in adult care, the feeling of self-efficacy, social support, the patient’s gender and social position, the trust between child carers and adult carers, interdisciplinary cooperation, and the medical staff’s consideration of the patient’s projects.

The current analysis makes it possible to formulate educational aims and to design a way of integrating them to a transition plan. However, the collected studies mainly focus on knowledge of the illness, on treatment, and on the health care system. Psychosocial dimensions at play at the time of the transition – such as identity development – are not sufficiently explored in the research.

Ce contenu a été mis à jour le 23 janvier 2018 à 11 h 04 min.